The vast majority of the coffee grown in Thailand is Robusta, grown in the Southern part of the country. in the late 1970's, planting of Arabica coffee in the Northern Highlands was encouraged in order to replace the cultivation of Opium poppies, as well as to counter deforestation from shifting agriculture practiced by many of the local ethnic groups known as "Hill Tribes"
From 1972-1979 The Thai / UN Crop Replacement and Community Development Project was implemented as a pilot project to explore the viability of replacing opium poppy cultivation with a variety of substitute crops and alternative sources of income, combined with related community development activites. It was found that Arabica coffee was a cash crop that could be promoted to replace opium in the long run and could provide high cash incomes, mot only to poppy growing farmers, but to a large number of other farmers. The main reasons for this is that the land and climate are excellent for growing good quality Arabica coffee.
Traditionally much of the coffee grown in Northern Thailand was used in the domestic market. Language barriers between the Hill tribes and their "thai" neigbours pushed prices to below the cost of production. The Hill tribes were pushed into abject poverty as they had nowhere to sell their coffee except to local dealers who paid rediculously low prices.
A tribe representative then began looking for an international partner to help develop and sell their coffee into deifferent markets and Doi Chaang was born. (more info on the Doi Chaang tab)
Cultivation / Varieties
Grown at between 1200 to 1600 mls
Catuai, Caturra and Catimor (although Catimor is no longer being planted and is being phased out in favour of new varieties most notably Geisha.
Fully washed and semi washed (and small amounts of Naturals on request)